The ships dock at Kos Town at the impressive Castle of the Knights and the pleasant town center is 200 m. from the dock. The terminal building is mostly used for ferries from Turkey and the Greek islands. It has a pleasant indoor/outdoor cafe.
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Kos offers magnificent beauty. Besides its breath taking golden sandy beaches, the island is also steeped in monuments, remnants from its glorious past, making it the ideal holiday destination, not only as a choice between other Greek Islands but on a worldwide scale. Kos has much more than just the sea and sun to offer.
Other than the imposing Castle and the charm of the old town, a visitor arriving in Kos for the first time will certainly be impressed by the archaeological sites scattered inside the town.
The castle of the Knights of the Order of Saint John is situated at the entrance of Kos harbor on what used to be an island in antiquity, communicating with the inland through a bridge that one can still see even today namely the bridge of "Phoinikon" (Palm Trees) Avenue. The castle consists of two defensive precincts. The interior one has four circular towers in the corners; the south-eastern tower forms part of the exterior precinct, which is the larger one of the two, with massive bastions on the four corners, battlements and gun ports. The two precincts are separated by a large moat and communicate with a drawbridge.
Hippocrates Tree: You'll find the Hippocrates Tree next to the entrance of the castle. In ancient Greek times the great physician Hippocrates lectured students in the shade of the tree. You will pass this tree on the way to town, it is not well marked, but you cannot miss it.
Asclepion, Situated 4 km west of Kos, Asklepeio is the most significant archaeological site on the island. The excavations here began in 1902. Asklepeio was built in a green area full of cypress trees. During the ancient years, it served as a sanatorium and it was dedicated to Aesculapius, son of Apollo, protector of health and medicine. Many significant people taught and worked here, one of them being the father of Medicine, Hippokrates.
Kos is a paradise for windsurfing and coming to Kos you expect the best beaches in the Mediterranean. Well if sandy beaches is what you are looking for you came to the right place!
The archaeological museum of Kos stands on Eleftherios Square, in the heart of Kos Town. It houses various exhibits dating mainly from the archaic, Hellenistic and Roman times.
The harbor area at Kos Town is packed with ferry agents and travel offices with offers of scheduled services, boat trips and excursions. There are daily boats to Bodrum (45mins) in Turkey leaving around 0830 and returning 1600. Check the offers in the local port. Excursion boats go to many island beaches as well as outlying islets such as Pserimos, Plati, Nisyros and Giali.
There is also a little tourist train, going Tuesday through Sunday from 9 AM till 6 PM on the hour to the Asclepion. The stop is at the water front.
Renting a bike: Kos is mostly flat and ideal for cycles. It is also one of the few, if not the only island to have dedicated cycle lanes over much of the island.
Asklepion: 3.5 km west of Kos, nestling in wooded foothills, stand the impressive ruins of the Asklepion, a hospital from classical times. The site is divided into three huge terraces, linked by stone staircases. The upper and lower terraces contained patient wards, and the middle terrace boasted a series of temples.
Plenty of cafes and restaurants around, offering in general good greek hospitality, good for a lazy lunch.
Public Services: open Monday to Friday, 8.00am – 2.00pm.
Retail Stores & Specialty Shops: Monday to Friday, 9am – 1.30pm and then again from 5pm – 9pm. Saturdays, 9am – 2pm.
Supermarkets: Monday to Friday, 9am – 9pm, and Saturdays, 9am – 6pm.
Tourist Shops and Convenience Stores: most of these do not have official opening hours and are usually open from dawn to well after midnight during the summer months.
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